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Islamic-Symbol

The crescent moon and star is an internationally-recognized symbol of Islam.

A Muslim is someone who believes and practices the religion Islam. Like the Bible, Muslims have a holy book called Quran. Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad , a messenger of God. The word "Muslim" is an Arabic translation for the phrase "one who submits (to God)". Female Muslims are often called "Muslimah". 

Common Islamic beliefs are that Muhammad is the last and greatest messenger that God sent, humans are the greatest of all creatures, and we are made for one purpose and that is to obey and serve God and the Five Pillars of Islam; the five duties that are expected from each and every Muslim. 

FaithEdit

Muhammad pbuhahp and allah calligraphy 2 by sheikh1-d7cycrm

Allah in Arabic Calligraphy


Allah (pronounced  Allāh) is the Arabic translation for 'God' in Abrahamic religions such as, Islam and Judaism. The word "Allah" has been used by Arabs throughout a variety of religions. The word 'Allah' is now mainly used by Muslims and Arab Christians .

Muslims believe that "Allah" is the singular and all-merciful deity in the Islamic religion . It is also believed that it is Allah who created everything. In Islamic religions, the sole purpose of one's life is to serve and obey Allah.

In Islamic Traditions, there are 99 Names of God. Each of these names represent a characteristic or an attribute that Allah possesses.

"Insha-Allah" means 'if God wills'. This phrase is directly quoted by Khaled Hosseini in The Kite Runner, "You would tell me, nay? Inshallah, you would tell me if something happened?" (Hosseini 86) . It is an untranslated Arabic phrase used by most Muslims after stating references from the future. The Quran  says that you should never say that you will do something particular in the future without invoking the phrase "insha-Allah" in the statement. Another phrase that Muslims commonly say is bismillah, meaning 'in God's name' or 'in the name of God'. This phrase is also quoted in Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner, "Bismillah!" (Hosseini 116)

Five Pillars of IslamEdit

  1. Shahadah - reciting the Muslim profession of faith sincerely
  2. Salat - properly performing ritual prayers five times everyday
  3. Zakat - paying an alms and do charitable work to the poor and the needy
  4. Sawm - Muslims are to fast during the month of Ramadan
  5. Hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca

GeographyEdit

The number of Muslims have been constantly growing around the world. They have populated a wide variety of countries, but the majority of Muslims settle in the Asian and Middle Eastern countries

List of the largest Islamic Countries
  • Indonesia
  • India
    Indonesia (1)

    Map of Indonesia, the largest Muslim country.

  • Pakistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Nigeria
  • Egypt
  • Iran
  • Turkey
  • Afghanistan


Muslims in The Kite RunnerEdit

Kite-runner-cover-image

Book Cover of The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini

This article is about the relation of The Kite Runner to Muslims. For Khaled Hosseini's Book, see The Kite Runner

The novel The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, a New York times bestseller, relates to this article. This novel is deeply connected to Islamic religions and Muslim traditions. The story of Amir , the protagonist, starts in the capital of Afghanistan , Kabul , a Muslim oriented city. Amir was raised as a Sunni Muslim, one of the Muslim groups that has particular beliefs that differs them to other Muslims. The protagonist's best friend, Hassan, on the other hand is a Hazara . This is shown when Assef , an acquaintance of Amir called Hassan a Hazara, "A loyal Hazara. Loyal as a dog" (Hosseini 77). Hazaras are commonly raised to be a Shi'a Muslim.

Some Islamic phrases are also quoted in the book.

"Inshallah, we'll celebrate later" (Hosseini 71)

Baba, the protagonist's father, was not very religious. He believed that there is only one sin and that sin is theft. He tells this to his son, Amir, " No matter what the mullah teaches, there is only one sin, only one. And that is theft. Every other sin is a variation of theft. Do you understand that?" (Hosseini 19). Baba does not believe in mullahs. He also insults them and he makes fun of them in the book, "Then I tell you," Baba said "but first understand this and understand it now, Amir: You'll never learn anything of value from those bearded idiots" (Hosseini 18).

Mullahs are teachers of the Islamic religion. They are educated about the theologies of Muslims. Mullahs are typically chosen to be leaders in mosques.

Mosques are buildings where Muslims can pray and give praise to Allah.

Major Branches of MuslimsEdit

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'Shia and Sunni' digital art

There are two major branches of Muslim. Those two branches are Sunni Muslims and Shi'a Muslims. There is over a billion of Sunni Muslims, which make up 85% - 90% of the overall Muslim Population. Sunni Muslims have been in long conflict with Shi'a Muslims.These conflicts arose when Prophet Muhammad died and the Muslims had to choose a successor. They differ in beliefs and perspectives when it comes to religion and politics. In the novel The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, Sunni Muslims are superior to Shi'a Muslims. Sunni Muslims tend to be richer than Shi'a Muslims.

Sunni MuslimsEdit

Most of the Muslim population are Sunni Muslims. Sunni Muslims originated from the Middle East . Like traditional Islamic Religions, Sunni Muslims believe that Allah is the one and only deity. The word 'Sunni' is the Arabic translation for "lawful" and is derives from the word 'sunna' which means "the tradition" or "the teachings". Sunnis believe that the rightful successor of Muhammad is to be chosen by the Muslim community.

Shi'a MuslimsEdit

Shi'a Muslims make up approximately  10% - 20% of the total population of the Muslims. Like the Sunni Muslims, Shi'a Muslims originated from the Middle East. The conflict between Sunni Muslims and Shi'a Muslims started after the death of Prophet Muhammad. Shi'a Muslims believe that the rightful successor of Muhammad is his closest relative, Ali, Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law.


Muslim Characters in The Kite RunnerEdit

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Amir, the protagonist of the novel.


Amir is the protagonist of the novel The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini. Although his father was not religious, Amir was raised as a Sunni Muslim. His father, Baba greatly influenced his perspective on religion and God. Amir questions the existence of God when he says, "-and asked for kindness from a God I wasn't sure existed" (Hosseini 163)



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Baba, father of Amir


Baba is the father of Amir. Baba himself was raised as a Sunni Muslim but was never religious. He does not believe that there are different sins. Baba believes that there is one sin and that is theft. Other sins are different variations of theft.



The-kite-runner-full

Hassan, Amir's brother and best friend


 Hassan is Amir's childhood best friend. They have been friends since they have known each other. Compared to Amir and Baba, Hassan is a Shi'a. 




SourcesEdit

Does it mean God? (2001) Retrieved from http://www.godallah.com/

Hazara in Afghanistan. (2010) Retrieved from https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12076/AF

How Do Sunni and Shia Islam Differ? (2016) Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/04/world/middleeast/q-and-a-how-do-sunni-and-shia-islam-differ.html?_r=0

Inshallah. (2006) Retrieved from http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=inshallah

Muslims Adhere to Different Islamic Sect. (2015) Retrieved from http://www.dummies.com/religion/islam/muslims-adhere-to-different-islamic-sects/

Religion Library: Shia Muslim. (2004) Retrieved from http://www.patheos.com/Library/Shia-Islam

Religion Library: Sunni Muslim. (2004) Retrieved from http://www.patheos.com/Library/Sunni-Islam

Sunnis and Shia: Islam Ancient Schism. (2016) Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-16047709

Shi'a Islam. (2015) Retrieved from http://www.religionfacts.com/shia

Sunnis. (2005 Retrieved from https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/Sunni

Top Ten Largest Countries with Largest Muslim Population. (2016) Retrieved from http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-top-ten/world-top-ten-countries-with-largest-muslim-populations-map.html

What is a Mullah? (2016) Retrieved from http://asianhistory.about.com/od/glossaryko/g/GlosMullah.htm

External LinksEdit

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Muhammad

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_Christians

http://www.islam-guide.com/

http://www.countryaah.com/Middle_East.html

https://quran.com/

http://khaledhosseini.com/books/the-kite-runner/synopsis/

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/me.htm

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